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Thyroid HormoneThyroid Anatomy


The thyroid gland is an important organ that helps regulates body metabolism. It is located in the front of the neck just below the voice box. The thyroid gland secretes two main thyroid hormones – thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). The secretion of T3 and T4 by the thyroid is controlled by the Pituitary gland, a small organ at the base of the brain, and the Hypothalamus, a structure in the brain. The pituitary gland secretes thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) to facilitate the release of thyroid hormone (T3 and T4).


Functions of Thyroid Hormone:

* Regulates metabolic process of the body

* Helps maintaine  healthy body weight

* •Increases heart rate and helps with contraction of the heart

* Helps stimulate red blood cell formations

* Regulates body temperature

* Stimulates body to produce specific proteins and enzymes

* Helps with sleep and wakening

* Essential for bone development




Signs of Low Thyroid Hormone:Functions of the Thyroid


* Fatigue/exhaustion
*Difficulty waking in the morning
* Insomnia
*Dry Skin
* Brittle Hair
* Memory and concentration
* Constipation
* Problems with ability to lose weight
* Weight gain
* Depression and/or anxiety
* Cold temperature-especially hands and feet



Symptoms of Thyroid Hormone Excess:

* High blood pressure or hypertension
* Agitation or anxiety
* Excessive weight loss
* Insomnia
* Headaches
* Diarrhea
* Eye Pain or swelling
* Sweating
* Increased heart rate
* Increased appetite

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